Self, Action, Knowledge

Embedded Mental Action in Self-Attribution of Belief (Philosophical Studies, 2017) - Published version here.

You can self-attribute a belief that p 'transparently' partly by judging that p. I argue that, in the relevant embedded context, an event of judging that p is also an event of self-attributing a belief that p. Seeing the numerical identity of these mental actions in this context solves an epistemological puzzle about 'transparent' self-knowledge of belief.

How to Think Several Thoughts at Once: Content Plurality in Mental Action (in Mental Action and the Conscious Mind, ed. Michael Brent) - Manuscript available on request

Thoughts that are intentional mental actions can have several contents at once. Recognizing the content plurality of mental actions lets us ask better questions in epistemology—e.g. about self-knowledge and the nature of inference.

[Paper on self-knowledge of judgment - title redacted] - Manuscript available on request

Most attempted explanations of self-knowledge of judgment fail to solve a problem that I call "the attitude problem." Knowing that you just judged that p, in any instance, involves knowing you take that particular attitude (that of judgment) to the content p. I solve the attitude problem by explaining how we can take up attitudes intentionally in occurrent, conscious thought—and with control of what we are doing.

Saving Hume from Circularity - Manuscript available on request

In the Treatise (I.IV.2) Hume provides an account of the origin of our distinction between perceptions and objects. I defend Hume’s account from a common charge of vicious circularity. By recognizing Hume's commitment (in I.4.2.7) to the self-intimating nature of perceptions, we can recognize the non-circularity of Hume’s explanation of this distinction.

The Constancy Norm - work in progress

We want our beliefs to be true, to be justified, and to fit together well. But we also want them to be stable over time and across possible worlds. This constancy norm on belief is not reducible to any other proprietary epistemic norm on belief. It shows that part of what we want our own (and others’) beliefs to do is to constitute us as comprehensible people.

Literature and Aesthetics

[Paper on poetry and philosophy - title redacted] - Manuscript available on request

You can only phenomenally imagine what you have already experienced. But appreciating literary comparisons can nonetheless give you new phenomenal concepts, and thereby expand the range of what you can actively call to mind in phenomenal imagination. This fact explains poets’ optimism about the personal and moral importance of their work.

[Paper on aesthetic hedonism and liberalism - title redacted] - Manuscript available on request

Aesthetic hedonism meets four basic adequacy conditions on a theory of aesthetic value, but it is not the only view that can do so. In this paper I introduce and motivate an alternative to hedonism I call “aesthetic liberalism,” which counts more responses than pleasurable ones as crucially relevant to the aesthetic value of an object.

What Montaigne Did First - Work in progress

Montaigne seems to have been the first to recognize that an author can teach readers about the phenomenology of an experience they have not themselves had firsthand. Montaigne does this in “On Practice,” which relates the details of his early brush with death. His rare defensiveness here signifies that he takes himself to be doing something new and bold.